1989

The Secret History of the United States

1989


On March 24, 1989 making its way outward from the port of Valdez, the tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground on the underwater shoal Bligh Reef, spilling crude oil into Prince William Sound, a 12,400-square-mile channel located in the Gulf of Alaska. Oil leaked out at 20,000 gallons per hour. Within a day, 270,000 barrels had leaked, producing a slick 8 miles long and 4 miles wide. Altogether, the ship spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil, making it the worst oil spill in U.S. history.
20th Century America - Millennium 2000 p.118

The president was also informed that Syria was directly involved in growing, refining, and trafficking drugs. The CIA repeatedly informed Bush that Damascus was earning up to $1 billion a year, about 20 percent of its national income, by subsidizing the opium and hashish industry in the Bekka Valley of Lebanon...Named as the main culprits by the CIA were Syrian president Hassad's brother, the defense minister, and the commander of Syrian military intelligence. But Bush needed the Syrians during Operation Desert Storm - and later to stay at the table during the peace talks - so at least in the short term it suited American foreign policy to turn a blind eye to Syrian international heroin trafficking.
The Laundrymen - Jeffrey Robinson p.299

Does the U.S. really want to win the war on drugs? That was the question the news media should have raised when Richard Gregorie, one of the country's top narcotics prosecutors in Miami, quit his job. Gregorie had aggressively pursued big-time cocaine bosses and drug- corrupted officials in and out of the United States.
But as he began going up the drug-business chain of command, he targeted foreign officials friendly with the U.S. government, and the State Department started interfering with his investigations, telling him to stay away from certain sensitive areas. Gregorie's operations were subsequently stopped at the request of the State Department and he quit in protest.
Project Censored 1989

more on drugs1990


Continuing a pattern that the U.S. government seems determined to repeat again and again, the Bush administration has strengthened ties with the Guatemalan military at the same time that its human rights violations are rising sharply.
According to a 1989 review by Human Rights Watch, current U.S. Army involvement in Guatemala includes the training of Guatemalan paratroopers by Green Berets and $90 million of "nonlethal" military aid. Guatemala ranked tenth out of 90 countries in the amount of U.S. economic assistance received.
The Guatemalan news agency, CERIGUA, has reported incidents of U.S. military participation in counter-insurgency operations and the Guatemala Human Rights Commission in the U S. has issued a detailed statement of the kidnapping and torture of Sister Diana Ortiz, an American citizen working as a teacher in Guatemala. These incidents have been reported mainly in newsletters devoted to disseminating information about Guatemala and have generated little attention in the mainstream U.S. media.
Project Censored 1989

more on Guatemala1994


One CIA memo, in particular, gave a blunt assessment of the danger the United States faced; the agency reported that Noriega had received well over twenty million dollars from Muammar al-Qaddafi, ostensibly to keep his government alive in the face of previously imposed U.S. economic sanctions.
Eclipse - Mark Perry p.261

[the announcement] This would be less than six hours before H. Hour, making it impossible for reporters to make it to Panama in time for the start of JUST CAUSE.
The Commanders - Bob Woodward p.178

F-117A stealth fighters were used in combat for the first time, dropping 2000-lb bombs with time-delay mechanisms in a large open field near an airstrip and barracks that housed an elite PDF battalion.
Deterring Democracy - Noam Chomsky p. 166

Operation Just Cause: the Pretexts - from Deterring Democracy by Noam Chomsky

The smoke eventually cleared concerning Noriega's movements before he gave himself up. The U.S. trackers had lost the general around 6 p.m. in Colon. At the start of JUST CAUSE Powell learned, the general had been at a brothel at Tocumen. When Noriega heard gunshots, he climbed into his trousers and jumped into an escape vehicle.
The Commanders - Bob Woodward p.193

more on Panama1990


Number of dead lakes in Canada : 14,000
Southern News Service October 7, 1989

June 3, 1989 - Chinese authorities ordered soldiers to attack a peaceful crowd of some 100,000 student demonstrators in Beijing's central Tiananmen Square killing hundreds, wounding thousands and arresting thousands more.
Marching in Place - Michael Duffy and Dan Goodgame p.89

In December 1989 after he was exposed as having secretly violated his own announced sanctions against China over the Tiananmen massacre, Bush emphasized that "I think we were positioned in the forefront of human rights."
Marching in Place - Michael Duffy and Dan Goodgame p.182

Tiananmen, April-June 1989

Since November 1989, over three thousand winesses including military personnel, pilots, police, air traffic controllers, engineers and scientists, have reported sightings in Belgium.
Alien Contact - Timothy Good p.32

more on UFOs1990


...the London Financial Times had a long story, a big front page story, that they had unearthed jointly with ABC News, in which they described how in November 1989 Bush and Baker had intervened strenuously to ensure that a billion dollars in credits were given to Saddam Hussein...The Commerce Department, the Treasury Department and the Export Import Bank, which guarentees credits, were all opposed.
Chronicles of Dissent - Noam Chomsky and David Barsamian p.305

Although the Kerry Commission's findings on the U.S.-Contra drug- trafficking link caused little outrage in the U.S. Congress, a Costa Rican congressional committee concluded that the contra-resupply network, operating in Costa Rica and coordinated by North from the White House, doubled as a drug smuggling operation. That finding prompted Oscar Arias Sanchez to bar North and his gang--Poindexter, Secord, Joseph Fernandez and former U.S. Ambassador to Costa Rica, Lewis Tambs--from ever again setting foot in Costa Rica.
The Associated Press reported this action in a lengthy press wire (7/22/90), but according to "Extra" (the Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting newsletter), the "New York Times" and all three national networks--perhaps following Congress's example of complacency--failed to carry the story.
Project Censored 1989

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